Times new roman 宋体 arial default design china under mao zedong 1949 - 1976 outline anti-japanese war (1937-1945) civil war (1946 - 1949) war of liberation mao zedong people's republic of china economic reconstruction 1950s great leap forward (1958-1960) great leap forward (1958-1960) growing division (1962-1965) cultural. Rapprochement with china, 1972 in 1972, us president richard nixon traveled to the people's republic of china (prc) and met with mao zedong, the chairman of the central committee of the chinese communist party, and zhou enlai, the prc premier. Comrade mao zedong is the greatest marxist-leninist of the present age, 1969 in 1962, mao advocated the socialist education movement (sem), in an attempt to 'inoculate' the peasantry against the temptations of feudalism and the sprouts of capitalism that he saw re-emerging in the countryside. Mao's leadership the cpc suffered the massacre of a large proportion of its members in 1927, and had to abandon its rural base areas in south china in 1935, because of its errors but just after that, mao was elected chairman of the cpc. - mao vs deng china's transition from the leadership under the iron fist of mao zedong to the more liberal deng xiao ping gave the people's republic a gradual increase in economic freedom while maintaining political stability.
But mr chou's death from cancer in january 1976 left the daily leadership in the hands of mr teng, the former party secretary general whom mr chou resurrected in 1973, evidently with mao's approval, and installed as senior deputy prime minister and likely successor. With zhou hospitalized, deng assumed increasing power from the summer of 1974 through the late fall of 1975, when the radicals finally convinced mao that deng's policies would lead eventually to a repudiation of the cultural revolution and of mao himself. Mao zedong was a marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from 1949 to 1959, the first chairman of the people's republic of china mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in china and abroad.
No wonder that as early as 1946, one of mao's closest collaborators, liu shaoqi (shao-ch'i, 1898-1969), claimed that mao had created a chinese or asiatic form of communism and that china's example would influence all asian countries in 1949, liu again said that mao's way was the way for all asia - a statement that was criticized in moscow. Mao zedong led communist forces in china through a long revolution beginning in 1927 and ruled the nation's communist government from its establishment in 1949. Mao zedong's leadership, from 1960 to 1969, brought a great extent of change to all aspects of peoples lives his leadership greatly changed women's role in china in 1950, he was determines to change old attitudes to women and make them be equal to men, and not be seen as second-class citizens.
On the foundation of the people's republic in 1949, he became mao's vice chairman in 1959 mao zedong stepped aside for his chosen successor liu who then became chairman until 1967 liu together with deng xiaoping criticized the great leap forward in 1959 and further criticism of mao's harsh policies followed. At the opening of the chinese people's political consultative conference in peking, mao zedong announces that the new chinese government will be under the leadership of the communist party of. Mao's leadership during the long march (1934-35) and the yan'an soviet (1936-1949) increased his prominence and support in the ccp by the mid-1940s mao had emerged as the party's political, military and ideological leader - though not without some bloodshed and persecution of his rivals.
In the wake of khrushchev's denunciation of stalin and political explosions in poland and hungary, mao calls for a hundred flowers movement to improve the relationship between the ccp (chinese communist party) and the people. Women's rights were further promoted by the enforcement of the marriage law of 1950, which guaranteed the equality of sexes in marriage as a result of mao's policies, the role of women in chinese society was totally transformed. But mao felt undervalued and disregarded by joseph stalin, the soviet union's dictatorial leader, while developments in the 1950s placed further strain on sino-soviet relations what followed was the sino-soviet split, a breakdown in cooperation and diplomatic relations that almost produced a war between china and the soviet union.
Mao finally came into his own during the famous long march in 1934 to 1936, when the communists had to flee from nationalist leader chiang kai-shek ' s fifth and finally successful military encirclement campaign to surround their base area and destroy them. Mao was born on 26 december 1893 into a peasant family in shaoshan, in hunan province, central china after training as a teacher, he travelled to beijing where he worked in the university library. Lin was officially made china's second-in-charge in 1969 after the 9th central committee of the communist party of china however, in late 1969 and 1970, a rift developed between mao and lin stemming from mao's fear of lin's growing power.