Current research in and on madagascar and the western indian ocean islands is published in the madagascan open access journal madagascar conservation & development, an initiative by the missouri botanical garden, the madagascar research and conservation program and the institute and museum of anthropology at the university of zurich. Madagascar and the indian-ocean islands biodiversity hotspot introduction since the turn of 20th century, there have been a lot of pressures from the growing population and human activities like industrialization that have continuously destabilized the world ecosystems. Madagascar is an island country in the indian ocean, in the southeastern coast of africa and it's the world's fourth largest island madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on earth. Ten insular biodiversity hotspots including the caribbean islands, the japanese islands, the philippines, the east melanesian islands, polynesia-micronesia, sundaland, wallacea, new caledonia, new zealand and madagascar and the indian ocean islands (ie 4447 islands.
Madagascar's culture is a unique fusion of elements drawn from the western, northern, and eastern shores of the indian ocean, and its past has fascinated many scholars, yet systematic. In madagascar, the total wealth of known terrestrial is about 5,800 species (and 2,500 pending description), and 86 percent are endemic to the island fishes the western indian ocean is home to 108 species of sharks, including 11 that are endemic, and 66 species of skates. Madagascar's more than 50 lemur species are the island's charismatic worldwide ambassadors for conservation, although, tragically, 15 more species have been driven to extinction since humans arrived -the seychelles, comoros and mascarene islands in the indian ocean between them support a number of critically endangered bird species. The dragonfly fauna of the 374 km 2 island of mayotte in the western indian ocean comprises some widespread african species and some comoro endemics, and is a biodiversity hotspot this dragonfly assemblage is under threat from increasing human impact as it creeps up the water courses from the.
The major islands of the western indian ocean, such as madagascar, comoros (including mayotte), réunion, mauritius, rodrigues, the seychelles (including aldabra), and socotra (figure 1), combine species richness with high endemicity resulting in high biodiversity. Madagascar and indian ocean islands madagascar and its neigh- boring island groups have an astounding total of eight plant fami- lies, five bird families, and five primate families that live nowhere. Tourism and biodiversity: biodiversity hotspots, 13 wilderness areas, and coral reef hotspots madagascar and adjacent indian ocean islands, the cape. Madagascar and the indian-ocean islands biodiversity hotspot essay sample introduction since the turn of 20 th century, there have been a lot of pressures from the growing population and human activities like industrialization that have continuously destabilized the world ecosystems. The british ecologist norman myers first published the biodiversity hotspot thesis in 1988 myers, although without quantitative criteria but relying solely on the high levels of habitat loss and the presence of an extraordinary number of plant endemism, identified ten tropical forest hotspots (mittermeier et al, 2011.
After hawaii and the azores, the third island biology conference will be held in july 2019 (8 - 13) on la réunion in the heart of the malagasy region biodiversity hotspot, and its neighboring islands in the southern hemisphere. The caribbean islands: [pic] the caribbean islands biodiversity hotspot is exceptionally important for global biodiversity conservation, due to high levels of species endemism and threat the caribbean is home to approximately 11,000 plants species, of which 72% are endemic to the region. Madagascar and indian ocean islands forest cover and change data on ci's learning network: madagascar c1990-c2000-c2005 (winzip file - 37 mb) asia-pacific. Mobilising freshwater biodiversity information for better representation within madagascar and the indian ocean islands hotspot location: madagascar, archipelagos of mauritius, comoros, seychelles, la réunion and the scattered islands of the western indian ocean.
- madagascar is a megadiversity country as well as the core of the madagascar and indian ocean islands biodiversity hotspot, with exceptionally high numbers and. Sri lanka might be small in size but the island boasts one of the highest rates of biological endemism in the world whether in plants or animals and is included among the top five biodiversity hotspots in the world. The republic of madagascar is located off of the southeastern coast of africa in the indian ocean even though the population is less than that of new york city, it is still in a rapid decline of its natural species. Africa forms the madagascar and the indian ocean islands hotspot dominated by the nation of madagascar, the fourth largest island on earth, the hotspot also includes the.
From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia a biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans the concept of biodiversity hotspots was originated by norman myers in two articles in the environmentalist (1988  & 1990 ), revised after thorough analysis by myers and others in hotspots: earth's biologically. V go to hotspots by region and read the overview for the following hotspots complete this chart name of hotspot characteristics of region examples of animals examples of plants major threats. Indian ocean islands have been profiled with support from the bromley trust to help raise awareness about the importance of indian ocean islands and their distinctive biodiversity, and the need for their protection and conservation. Hotspot population people/km 2 madagascar and the indian ocean islands 19,200,000 32 madrean pine -oak woodlands 14,700,000 32 maputaland -pondoland -albany 19,300,000 70.