Socrates (469/470-399 bce) was a greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy plato was his most famous student and would teach aristotle who would then tutor alexander the great. The influence of socrates on his fellow greeks cannot be measured plato, his most famous student, worshiped socates and was the primary author of his life and times plato would go on to cite socrates in his future works and with future students, such as aristotle. The trial and execution of socrates in athens in 399 bce puzzles historians why, in a society enjoying more freedom and democracy than any the world had ever seen, would a seventy-year-old philosopher be put to death for what he was teaching the puzzle is all the greater because socrates had.
Summary plato's the apology is an account of the speech socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of athens. Plato was an ancient greek philosopher who played an important role in the development of western philosophy as a scion of a rich and aristocratic family, he received good education under renowned teachersincluding socrates. Socrates refuses avoid his death by leaving athens, although he could flee, but such an escape would be contrary to his moral principles and would be an injustice to the state which was his parent, his education, and the origin of law. Such an insight is at least indicated in socrates' long and passionate argument in the gorgias against polus and callicles that the just life is better for the soul of its possessor than the unjust life, an argument that he fortifies with a mythical depiction of the soul's reward and punishment after death (523a-527e) but the nature of.
Socrates and the law: argument in an athenian jail this lesson focuses on the crito, in which socrates argues against the idea that he should escape the penalty of death imposed on him by athens, laying the groundwork for future debates over the rights of the individual and the rule of law. Socrates: politics and the ideal death the socratic legacy viewed by many as the founding figure of western philosophy, socrates (469-399 bc) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of. Socrates follows this overt rejection of conformity with a prophesy: the athenians are killing him in a vain attempt to free themselves from his stubborn insistence that they examine their own beliefs, but following socrates' death they will be pursued by younger, fiercer, more numerous critics. The death of socrates - why and how socrates died the athenians needed a scapegoatpolitically, the city's fortunes were receding in 399 bc after a humiliating defeat, five years before, at the hands of its traditional enemy, sparta.
Socrates was born, as far as we know, in athens around 469 bc our knowledge of his life is sketchy and derives mainly from three contemporary sources, the dialogues of plato and xenophon (c 431 - 355 bc), and the plays of aristophanes (c 456 - 386 bc. Part ii of the trial of socrates, entitled the ordeal, addresses the trial itself there again are, in effect, three sections there again are, in effect, three sections the first section, chapters 10-12, discusses the immediate background of the trial. The unjust death of socrates - the unjust death of socrates the question of why socrates was executed and if he deserved the charges put against him has been asked by historians for centuries. Xenophon (430-354 bce) was an early disciple of socrates and a contemporary of platohe is best known as the mercenary general who wrote the anabasis, which relates his adventures in leading his men out of persia and back to greece after the disastrous campaign of cyrus the younger. Plato: phaedo the phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient greek philosopher plato it claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that plato's teacher, socrates (469-399 bce), was put to death by the state of athens.
Questions of the role of law in the power of the state were treated in the philosophical works of socrates's student, plato more on him another time translated by david stromberg , a writer, translator, and literary scholar based in jerusalem. Socrates believes death is the separation of the body and soul the soul is the biggest part of the death the soul goes on living and doesn't have to deal with any of the bad commodities of the body attached. Many of socrates' young students were aristocrats, suspicious of the man like any young generation, inspired by socrates' idea to question authority, think for themselves, reject the establishment. Ancient greek philosophy from thales, who is often considered the first western philosopher, to the stoics and skeptics, ancient greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the western intellectual tradition. Many athenians might have harbored suspicions or distrust of socrates associates and wonder about socrates' true plans or role in their actions 6 socrates questioning process was a threat to the democratic ideal, the foundation of the political and social order.
Socrates (470-399) was the son of a sculptor and a midwife, and served with distinction in the athenian army during athens' clash with sparta he married, but had a tendency to fall in love with handsome young men, in particular a young soldier named alcibiades. On a day in 399 bc the philosopher socrates stood before a jury of 500 of his fellow athenians accused of refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state and of corrupting the youth if found guilty his penalty could be death the trial took place in the heart of the city, the jurors. Sócrates was the firstborn child of raimundo and guiomar vieira he was born in belém, pará, and relocated with his family to ribeirão preto, são paulo, in january 1960 after his father raimundo earned an important position as revenue supervisor.
After socrates's death, the tradition became even more disparate as nehamas (1999, 99) puts it, with the exception of the epicureans, every philosophical school in antiquity, whatever its orientation, saw in him either its actual founder or the type of person to whom its adherents were to aspire. The death of socrates, 1787, by jacques louis david photograph: world history archive / alamy two thousand four hundred years ago, one man tried to discover the meaning of life his search was so. Socrates' response to the announcement that he will be put to death (38c-42a) to those who voted for his execution: you have been overtaken by injustice, worse than death and your critics will multiply. The trial, last days, and death of socrates are successively related in several works by plato these works are the apology (ie defence speech), euthyphro, crito and phaedo - links to more detail of events as recorded by plato are set out below:.